How to play Solitaire?

How to play Solitaire?

Unaware of the Solitaire card game? Here is some detailed information that helps you to know about the rules, setup and methods to play this classic game. This one-person game is very easy to learn. You can play Solitaire with your expert competitor in just a few minutes. Most card games demand a group of people to play, but Solitaire is designed as a solo-player game. This game engages the player for hours.

What is Solitaire?

Solitaire is a well-known solo card game in which a player stacks the cards according to numerical order, color, and suit to clear a table of cards. Traditionally, the game was designed with the aim is to playing and exposing as many cards as possible to open up the game. The end goal of this game is to stack all the cards in the deck onto the foundation piles. And a player wins the game when no cards are left on the tableau or the reserve pile.

Variants of Solitaire

Solitaire has a range of variants. Some famous variants of the Solitaire game include:

  • Spider Solitaire
  • Klondike Solitaire
  • Freecell
  • Tri-Peaks Solitaire
  • Pyramid Solitaire
  • Scorpion Solitaire
  • Tens Solitaire

How to set up Solitaire cards?

If you are passionate about playing with a deck of cards, you must know how to set them up. It must have room for the three elements in the playing area.

  • The tableau is the main playing card area.
  • The foundation consists of four blocks where the suit stacks must be to win the game.
  • The stockpile is where all the reserve cards are put and dealt.

After having enough space for the three sections, continue constructing the tableau.

  1. Shuffle the deck

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  1. Deal 7 cards; place the first card with a face-up in the first column and six with face-down.

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  1. Skip the first column and deal the other six cards face-down, overlap the formerly dealt cards, and roll over the top card on the second column.
  2. Deal 5 more cards face down by skipping the first and second columns and turn over the top card on the third row face-up.

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  1. Skip the first three columns, deal the other 4 face-down cards onto the leftover cards and enter the top card on the fourth column.

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How to Play Solitaire?

There are three segments in the starting arrangements of a game of Solitaire; the tableau, four foundation piles, and the stockpile. The seven active stacks in the tableau proceed from one card to seven cards. The top card of every pile is placed face up while the others face down. The face-down cards may be alternate when they become active in the game, and lower cards can be summed to them. The top card on each tableau must be face-up, and when it shifts to the foundation pile, the following face-down card must be allocated. The players allocate one or three cards from the reserve pile to the tableau according to the game format. There are different methods of playing Solitaire.

Method 1. Setting Classic Solitaire Up:

  1. Understand the objective of the game: Create four piles of cards, one per suit in increasing order, starting with Ace and ending with King, called foundation piles.
  2. Star building the layout: Arrange the first card face up, and the following six cards face down. Then, put a face-up card on top of the first face-down card and a face-down card on top of the other five cards. Continue playing the game until each pile has one face-up card on top, and there will be one card in the left pile, next two, three, four, five, six and then seven finally. The piles covert into your tableau as the game progresses.
  3. Put the remaining cards in a different pile: Adjust the pile above or below the piles to get more cards when you face a shortage of moves, called a stockpile of cards.
  4. Leave room at the top for four foundation piles.

Method 2. Playing Solitaire:

  1. Look at the face-up cards on the table: Place the aces (if present) above the seven piles to begin your foundation piles. Rearrange the cards and move only the face-up cards if there are no aces. Place a card on top with different colors; it should have a value of less than one. You can adjust a five of spades or a five of clubs on top if there are six of hearts. Keep placing the cards on each other you can’t move them. Alternate each pile with color and move in decreasing order.
  2. Place the top card on each stack visible: The top card of each of the seven tableau columns should be face up. Turn the below card when moving the top card.
  3. Build your foundation piles: If there are no aces, move the cards on top of the pile in increasing order (A, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K). Start with ace building a different foundation pile. For example, the ace of spades may start the first pile, and the ace of hearts may start the second.
  4. Use the card stockpile if you run out of moves: Turn over the top three cards to see the placement of the top one card. If you play the first card, then look if you can place the next. If you play the second card, then look if you can place the last card. If you set down the last card, remove the other three cards from the waste pile without disrupting the order. Repeat the same until your stockpile ran out. Once runs out, use the waste pile as your reserve without shuffling it.
  5. Expose hidden cards in the tableau columns during gameplay: Move cards to find a place to put the hidden card (if you have one) in the desired slot.
  6. Use a King to start a new tableau column in space: You can adjust the King using all the cards in one of the seven piles.

Method 3. You can also try variations of Solitaire:

  1. Try to play Forty Thieves Solitaire
  2. Try to play Freecell Solitaire
  3. Try to play Golf Solitaire
  4. Try to play Pyramid Solitaire
  5. Try to play Spider Solitaire

Each of them has a different method to play. These are different versions of Solitaire.

Rules of Solitaire

Understanding rules is a basic component that helps you to play Solitaire.

  1. Players can move cards through piles if the card’s value is one less than the settled face-up card at the top of the stack.
  2. The player can move only face-up cards anytime; it is a must to expose face-down cards to continue the game.
  3. The player must move the card with a different color from the top card of the stack. A player can never place two black or red cards on each other. Stacks must alternate between red and black colors. However, the player can place any suit below any other with opposing colors.
  4. There is no time limit for players to draw cards from the stockpile in traditional Solitaire. However, a player has access to the stockpile only once in a game of Vegas Solitaire.
  5. An ace with a face-up can start a new foundation pile.
  6. If a player has seven empty columns, placing a King in the empty pile space is an option to start a new pile.

Important things to consider:

Set up the cards correctly:

A player must make sure to have 7 “stacks” or “piles,” reserve stack, space for four foundation piles, and one to three spaces for “active” reserve pile cards.

Examine the tableau:

Expose more face-down cards to increase the options of shuffling cards around the tableau and the foundation piles.

Expose face-down cards:

Make sure to expose the face-down card at the top of the pile to make it visible and active when moving a card to the new stack.

Use the reserve pile:

A player can take almost three cards from the reserve pile if not make a move with face-up cards. Any shuffling can be considered cheating, so a player has to follow the reserve pile cycle.


The maximum score you can obtain as a player is 24113, and most Solitaire games use the Microsoft scoring system. These points are counted in this way:

The card moving from the waste to the tableau rewards 5 points, and a card from the waste or tableau to the foundation rewards 10 points. You get 5 points when you turn over a card and 15 points when you play a card from the tableau to the foundation and turn a card together. You can also get a time bonus calculated according to a certain formula that separates the number 700,000 by the number of seconds it took to end the game. You will not get bonus points if the game completes in 30 seconds.


We can finalize with these words that Solitaire is one of the best classic games which is super easy and engaging for the players. It is specifically designed as a one-person playing game. It does not require a group of people to play like other conventional card games. In this article, we have discussed everything regarding the Solitaire game have discussed which is helpful for you to play Solitaire just like competitors. So, enjoy your time with Solitaire.

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